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Encinitas, CA 92024



​​​​​​​​​California HealthSpan Institute      


Aksoy DY et al.  Effects of prophylactic thyroid hormone replacement in euthyroid Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.  Endocr J  2005 June; 52(3):337-43

Antonelli A et al. High prevalence of thyroid autoimmunity and hypothyroidism in patients with psoriatic arthritis

Constant EL et al.  Anxiety and depression, attention, and executive functions in hypothyroidism. J Int Neuropsychol Soc. 2005 Sep;11(5):535-44

Danzi S et al.  Potential uses of T3 in the treatment of human disease. Clin Cornerstone. 2005; 7 Suppl 2:S9-15

Dorr M et al. Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in thyroid dysfunction. Minerva Endocrinol. 2005 Dec;30(4):199-216

El-Shaikh KA  Recovery of age-dependent immunological deterioration in old mice by thyroxine treatment.  J Anim Physio Anim Nutr (Berl). 2006 Jun; 90(5-6):244-54

Erdam TY et al. Plasma viscosity, an early cardiovascular risk factor in women with subclinical hypothyroidism. Clin Hemorheal Microcirc. 2008;38(4):219-25

Escobar-Morreale HF et al.  Thyroid hormone replacement therapy in primary hypothyroidism: a randomized trial comparing L-thyroxine plus liothyronine with L-thyxoine alone.  Ann Intern Med.  2005 Mar 15; 142(6):412-24

Fernandez-Real JM et al. Thyroid function is intrinsically linked to insulin sensitivity and endothelium-dependent vasodilation in healthy eurthyroid subjects.  J Clin Endocrinol Metab.  2006 Jun 27

Harel L et al. Increased prevalence of antithyroid antibodies and subclinical hypothyroidism in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis.  J Rheumatol. 2006 Jan;33(1):164-6

Jha A et al.  Thyroxine replacement therapy reverses sleep-disordered breathing in patient with primary hypothyroidism. Sleep Med. 2006 Jan;7(1):55-61

Kileinikov DV et al. Pathogenesis of arterial hypertension in patients with primary hypothyroidism. Klin Med (Mosk). 2009:87(5):30-2

Kim SK et al.  Regression of the increased common carotid artery-intima media thickness in subclinical hypothyroidism after thyroid hormone replacement. Endocr J 2009 Dec;56(6):753-8

Knudsen N et al.  Small difference in thyroid function may be important for body mass index and the occurrence of obesity in the population.  J Clin Endocrinol Metab.  2005 Jul; 90(7)4019-24

Kotsis V et al. Hypertension and hypothyroidism: results from an ambulatory blood pressure monitoring study. J Hypertens. 2007 May;25(5):993-9

Kozdag G et al. Relation between free triiodothyronine/free thyroxine ratio, echocardiographic parameters and mortality in dilated cardiomyopathy. Eur J Heart Fail. 2005 Jan;7(1):113-8

Kuijpens JL et al.  Hypothyroidism might be related to breast cancer in post-menopausal women. Thyroid 2005 Nov;15(11):1253-9

Mainenti MR et al.  Effect of levothyroxine replacement on exercise performance in subclinical hypothyroidism. Endrocinol Invest. 2009 May;32(5):470-3

Mayer O Jr et al.  Hypothyroidism in coronary heart disease and its relation to selected risk factors. Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2006;2(4):499-506

Meeker JD et al. Relationships between serum hormone levels and semen quality among men from an infertility clinic.  J Androl. 2007 May-Jun;28(3):397-406

Miller KH et al.  Verbal memory retrieval deficits associated with untreated hypothyroidism.  J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2007 Spring;19(2):132-6

Misiolek M et al. Sleep apnea syndrome and snoring in patient with hypothyroidism with relation to overweight. J Physiol Pharmacol. 2007 Mar;58 Suppl 1:77-85

Nanda N et al.  Association of thyroid stimulating hormone and coronary lipid risk factors with lipid peroxidation in hypothyroidism.  Clin Chem Lab Med.  2008; 46(5):674-9

Owen PJ et al. Subclinical hypothyroidism, arterial stiffness, and myocardial reserve. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Jun;91(6):2126-32

Pesic M et al. Cardiovascular risk factors in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism.  Vojnosanit Pregl. 2007 Nov;64(11):749-52

Pingitore A et al. Triiodothyronine levels for risk stratification of patients with chronic heart failure. Am J Med. 2005 Feb;118(2):132-6

Raterman HG et al. Rheumatoid arthritis is associated with a high prevalence of hypothyroidism that amplifies its cardiovascular risk. Ann Rheum Dis. 2008 Feb;67(2):229-32

Razvi S et al.  The beneficial effect of L-thyroxine on cardiovascular risk factors, endothelial function, and quality of life in subclinical hypothyroidism: randomized, crossover trial.  J Clin Endocrinol Metab.  2007 May;92(5):1715-23

Razvi S et al.  The incidence of ischemic heart disease and mortality in people with subclinical hypothyroidism: Reanalysis of the Whickham Survey Cohort. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2010 Apr;95(4):1734-40

Razvi S et al. The influence of age on the relationship between subclinical hypothyroidism and ischemic heart disease: a metaanalysis.  J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2008 Aug;93(8):2998-3007

Rodondi N et al. Subclinical hypothyroidism and the risk of heart failure, other cardiovascular eent, and death.  Arch Intern Med. 2005 Nov 28;165(21):2460-6

Rotondi M et al. Raised serum TSH levels in patients with morbid obesity: is it enough to diagnose subclinical hypothyroidism? Eur J Endocrinol. 2009 Mar;160(3):1135-8

Samuels MH et al.  Health status, mood, and cognition in experimentally induced subclinical hypothyroidism.  J Clin Endocrinol Metab.  2007 Jul;92(7):2545-51

Saravanan P et al.  Partial substitution of thyroxine (T4) with triiodothyronine in patients on T4 replacement therapy: results of a large community-based randomized controlled trail.  J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Feb;90(2):805-12

Surk MI et al.  The thyrotropin reference range should remain unchanged. J Clin Endrocinol Metab. 2005 Sep; 90(9):5489-96

Turhan S et al. Plasma homocysteine concentrations and serum lipid profile as atherosclerotic risk factors in subclinical hypothyroidism. Ann Saudi Med. 2008 Mar-Apr;28(2):96-101

Ursella S et al.  Amiodarone-induced thyroid dysfunction in clinical practice. N. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2006 Sep-Oct;10(5):269-78

Velkoska NV et al. Dyslipidaemia and hypertension in patients with subclinical hypothyroidism. Prilozi. 2009 Dec;30(2):93-102

Veronelli A et al  Sexual dysfunction is frequent in premenopausal women with diabetes, obesity, and hypothyroidism, and correlates with markers of increased cardiovascular risk.  A preliminary report.  J Sex Med. 2009 Jun;6(6):1561-8

Walsh JP et al.  Small changes in thyroxine dosage do not produce measurable change in hypothyroid symptoms, well-being or quality of life: results of a double blind randomized clinical trial.  J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 May 2

Wartofsky L et al.  Overt and ‘subclinical’ hypothyroidism in women. Obestet Gynecol Surv.  2006 Aug; 61(8):535-42

Wartofsky L and Dickey RA  The evidence for a narrower thyroptropin reference range is compelling.  J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2005 Sep; 90(9):5483-8

Zoncu S et al.  Cardiac function in borderline hypothyroidism: a study by pulsed wave tissue Doppler imaging. Eur J Endocrinol 2005 Apr;152(4):527-33